A Beautiful Number: 108

108 is the most beautiful number.

# In mathematics:

In Euclidean space, the interior angles of a regular pentagon measure 108 degrees each.

It is the hyperfactorial of 3 since it is of the form 1^1∗2²∗3³

108 is a number that is divisible by the value of its φ function, which is 36.

The equation 2sin(108∘/2)=𝜙 results in the Golden ratio.

#Religion and the arts:

The individual numbers 1, 0, and 8 represent one thing, nothing, and everything(infinity).

108 represents the ultimate reality of the universe as being (seemingly paradoxically) simultaneously One, emptiness, and infinite.


#In Hinduism

Hindu deities have 108 names, while in Gaudiya Vaishnavism, there are 108 gopis of Vrindavan. Recital of these names, often accompanied by counting of 108-beaded Mala, is considered sacred and often done during religious ceremonies. The recital is called namajapa. Accordingly, a mala usually has beads for 108 repetitions of a mantra.

The distance of the Sun from the Earth divided by the diameter of the Sun and the distance of the Moon from the Earth divided by the diameter of the Moon is approximately equal to 108. It is claimed that the great sires of Vedanta knew this relationship and thus 108 is a very important number in Vedantic chantings.

#Martial Arts

Many East Asian martial arts trace their roots back to Buddhism, specifically, to the Buddhist Shaolin Temple. Because of their ties to Buddhism, 108 has become an important symbolic number in a number of martial arts styles.

According to Marma Adi and Ayurveda, there are 108 pressure points in the body, where consciousness and flesh intersect to give life to the living being.

The Chinese school of martial arts agrees with the South Indian school of martial arts on the principle of 108 pressure points.
The 108 moves of the Yang Taijiquan long form and 108 moves in the Wing Chun wooden dummy form, taught by Yip Man, are noted in this regard.

#In other fields:

1. The atomic number of hassium.

2. There are 108 cards in a deck of UNO cards.

3. Volume expansion of freezing water is roughly 108%.

4. An official Major League Baseball baseball has 108 stitches.

5. In the Manga and Anime series Shikabane Hime Aka and Shikabane Hime Kuro (Corpse Princess), the shikabane himes must hunt 108 evil undead corpses in order to ascend to heaven.

Via http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/108_%28number%29, Preview photo credit: 9to5buzz.com